Moreno-Morcillo, M., et al. A novel dimerization module in Gemin5 is critical for protein recruitment and translation control, bioRxiv, 654111
The versatile multifunctional protein Gemin5 is involved in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) assembly, ribosome binding, and translation control through distinct domains located at the protein ends. However, the structure and function of the central moiety of Gemin5 remained unknown. Here, we solved the crystal structure of an extended tetratricopeptide (TPR)-like domain in the middle region of Gemin5, demonstrating that it self-assembles into a canoe-shaped dimer. Mass spectrometry analysis shows that this dimerization module is functional in living cells and drives the interaction between p85, a viral-induced Gemin5 cleavage fragment, and the full-length Gemin5. In contrast, disruption of the dimerization surface by a point mutation in the TPR-like domain prevents this interaction and abrogates the translation enhancement induced by p85. The structural characterization of this unprecedented dimerization domain provides the mechanistic basis for a role of the middle region of Gemin5 as a key mediator of protein-protein interactions.