Bioactivity and bioaccessibility of protein hydrolyzates from industrial byproducts of Stripped weakfish (Cynoscion guatucupa)

Lima, K., et al. Bioactivity and bioaccessibility of protein hydrolyzates from industrial byproducts of Stripped weakfish (Cynoscion guatucupa), LWT. Volume 111, 408-413

Protein hydrolyzates of Stripped weakfish (Cynoscion guatucupa) industrial byproducts were prepared, and their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, as well as bioaccessibility were evaluated. Byproducts were hydrolyzed by Alcalase (HA) and Protamex (HP) to achieve degrees of hydrolysis (DH) of 5, 10 and 15%, respectively. Resulting hydrolyzates were enzymatically digested with pepsin and pancreatin to determine the in vitro bioaccessibility. The highest antimicrobial activity was verified for HA with DH 5% (HA5) against Escherichia coli O157:H7 (5.50 ± 0.17 mm). Whereas HP with DH 5% (HP5) showed the highest antioxidant activity for the tested assays. After simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion, all samples were bioaccessible and showed an increase for the ABTS and hydroxyl radical scavenging with the highest activities for HA5 (87.7 ± 0.21%) and HP5 (87.5 ± 0.34%) and HP5 (96.7 ± 0.86%) and HP15 (97.5 ± 0.15%), respectively. We then submitted HA5 and HP5 to peptide sequences analysis, the bioactivities were attributed to the presence of amino acid such Phe, Leu, and Trp in the peptide sequences and peptide sequences like WDDMEK (HP5). The developed peptides present a potential for use as natural antimicrobial and antioxidant preservatives in food.

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