Shih, Y., et al. Discovery and Study of Novel Antihypertensive Peptides Derived from Cassia obtusifolia Seeds, Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. Volume 67, Number 28, 7810-7820
Antihypertensive peptides were screened from thermolysin hydrolysate of Cassia obtusifolia seeds (Jue Ming Zi) using two independent bioassay-guided fractionations, reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), and strong cation-exchange (SCX) liquid chromatography coupled with angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory assay. The identical peptide in the most active RP-HPLC and SCX fractions was simultaneously de novo sequenced as FHAPWK with high-resolution mass spectrometry. FHAPWK (IC50 = 16.83 ± 0.90 μM) was further identified as a competitive inhibitor and a true inhibitor on ACE by a Lineweaver–Burk plot and preincubation experiment, respectively. The molecular docking simulation indicated that FHAPWK could interact with several key residues of the ACE active site, which is consistent with the result of the inhibitory kinetics study. Moreover, its antihypertensive effect was demonstrated using the animal model of spontaneously hypertensive rats. It is concluded that FHAPWK is the first reported antihypertensive peptide derived from thermolysin hydrolysate of C. obtusifolia seeds.