Buthelezi, S.G., et al. The study of degradation mechanisms of glyco-engineered plant produced anti-rabies monoclonal antibodies E559 and 62-71-3. PLOS One. 13(12), e0209373. 20/12/2018.
Rabies is an ancient and neglected zoonotic disease caused by the rabies virus, a neurotropic RNA virus that belongs to the Rhabdoviridae family, genus Lyssavirus. It remains an important public health problem as there are cost and health concerns imposed by the current human post exposure prophylaxis therapy. The use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is therefore an attractive alternative. Rabies mostly affects people that reside in resource-limited areas where there are occasional failures in the cold-chain. These environmental changes may upset the stability of the mAbs. This study focused on mAbs 62-71-3 and E559; their structures, responses to freeze/thaw (F/T) and exposure to reactive oxygen species were therefore studied with the aid of a wide range of biophysical and in silico techniques in order to elucidate their stability and identify aggregation prone regions. E559 was found to be less stable than 62-71-3.