Abdel-Aty, A., et al. A hemorrhagic metalloprotease of Egyptian Cerastes vipera venom: Biochemical and immunological properties 130, 695-704
A hemorrhagic metalloprotease (CVHT1) was isolated from Cerastes vipera (CV) viper venom and characterized in a set of biochemical and immunological assays. A simple two-step purification procedure included gel filtration and ion-exchange increase the purity of enzyme 39-fold with specific activity of 20,200 Umg−1 compared to 520 Umg−1 for crude venom. CVHT1 is a dimer enzyme with two subunits of ~60 kDa. The LC-MS/MS analysis of CVHT1 revealed that the identified peptides show high homology to other P-III snake venom zinc-metalloproteases. The activity of CVHT1 showed stability at pH (6.5–8.5) and temperature (30–60 °C) with optima at pH 8.5 and 60 °C. Activators for CVHT1 included Mg+2, Zn+2, Ca+2, K+, Ba+2 and Na+, while the full inhibition was given by other tested ions, SH-group reagents and metalloproteinase inhibitors. The CVHT1 potentially digested gelatin, fibrinogen, fibronectin and inhibited the platelet aggregation. The hemorrhagic and proteolytic activities of medically important Egyptian viper venoms were highly cross-neutralized by anti-CVHT1. The anti-CVHT1 increased the survival time of mice injected with lethal dose of CV venom to 23 ± 2.5 h compared to the mice injected with venom alone 0.52 ± 0. 05 h. This study could be useful for production of safer and more efficient therapeutic anti-venom.