Dolashki, A., et al. Antitumour activity of Helix hemocyanin against bladder carcinoma permanent cell lines. 33(1) 20-32
Hemocyanins are oxygen-transporting glycoproteins in molluscs and arthropods. In this study, we assayed the biomacromolecules from the molluscs Helix lucorum (HlH), Rapana venosa (RvH) and Megatura crenulata (KLH) including their functional units (FUs), for therapy of bladder cancer permanent cells. In vitro studies antitumour activities of these proteins were performed with bladder cancer permanent cell line CAL-29 and the normal urothelial cell line HL 10/29 in comparison to doxorubicin. The obtained results showed that the human tumour CAL-29 cell line is sensitive to the action of the tested hemocyanins and their isoforms. We observed a dose- and time-dependent inhibition of tumour cell growth after incubation with native HlH and two FUs (βc-HlH-a and FU βc-HlH-h); and of particular significance, FU βc-HlH-h showed a surprisingly stronger effect than that the doxorubicin-treated cells. Cells treated with βc-HlH-h, showed both, apoptotic and necrotic cells. In addition, two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) found for differential up-regulation of several proteins after hemocyanin treatment. Eight different down-regulated and two up-regulated proteins were identified, which may be associated with the apoptosis pathway. No inhibition of the normal urothelial cell line HL 10/29 was observed after treatment with HlH and its isoforms. The most effective inhibition of CAL-29 tumour cells was observed after treatment with βc-HlH-h, probably caused by a specific oligosaccharide structure of HlH with methylated hexoses. These results suggest that hemocyanin glycosylation plays an important role in its anticancer activity.