Schulte, F., et al. Mapping Relative Differences in Human Salivary Gland Secretions by Dried Saliva Spot Sampling and nanoLC–MS/MS, 19(20)
Dried saliva spot sampling is a minimally invasive technique for the spatial mapping of salivary protein distribution in the oral cavity. In conjunction with untargeted nano‐flow liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC–MS/MS) analysis, DSS is used to compare the proteomes secreted by unstimulated parotid and submandibular/sublingual salivary glands. Two hundred and twenty proteins show a statistically significant association with parotid gland secretion, while 30 proteins are at least tenfold more abundant in the submandibular/sublingual glands. Protein identifications and label‐free quantifications are highly reproducible across the paired glands on three consecutive days, enabling to establish the core proteome of glandular secretions categorized into eight salivary protein groups according to their biological functions. The data suggest that the relative contributions of the salivary glands fine‐tune the biological activity of human saliva via medium‐abundant proteins. A number of biomarker candidates for Sjögren’s syndrome are observed among the gland‐specifically expressed proteins, which indicates that glandular origin is an important factor to consider in salivary biomarker discovery.