Identification and tracking of problematic host cell proteins removed by a synthetic, highly functionalized nonwoven media in downstream bioprocessing of monoclonal antibodies

Gilgunn, S., et al. Identification and tracking of problematic host cell proteins removed by a synthetic, highly functionalized nonwoven media in downstream bioprocessing of monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Chromatography A. pii: S0021-9673(19)30211-0. 25/2/2019.

The repertoire of complex proteins produced by the host cell during monoclonal antibody (mAb) production has generated a bottleneck in downstream bioprocessing. Low ppm levels of host cell proteins (HCPs) must be achieved at the downstream purification process stage to generate an end product suitable for use in humans. The increased demand for mAb drug products globally has driven research to focus on affordability of mAb production platforms. This has fuelled advancements in manufacturing R&D to deliver higher product titres with better economics without sacrificing product quality. This study highlights the beneficial inclusion of the Emphaze™ AEX Hybrid Purifier, compared to a conventional clarification process, for removal problematic HCPs during downstream bioprocessing of mAbs. Advanced proteomic methods were used to track and identify known ‘problematic’ HCPs through a multi-cycle Protein A purification process. Complete removal of histone proteins was observed, along with an average total HCP reduction of 38-fold and an average reduction of 2.3 log in HCDNA concentration. Chromatographic clarification using the Emphaze AEX Hybrid Purifier in conjunction with Protein A chromatography resulted in the removal of problematic HCPs including 78 kD glucose-regulated protein, nidogen-1, heat shock proteins, actin, serine protease HTRA1 and matrix metalloproteinase-19. It is shown herein that the Emphaze AEX Hybrid Purifier, which is readily incorporated into a mAb purification process during the clarification stage, has the potential to increase Protein A resin lifetime and potentially reduce the number of subsequent polishing chromatographic steps needed to remove HCPs that have a tendency to co-purify with mAb products.

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