Siano, A., et al. Leptodactylus latrans Amphibian Skin Secretions as a Novel Source for the Isolation of Antibacterial Peptides. Molecules. 23(2943), 2-14. 11/11/2018.
Amphibians´ skin produces a diverse array of antimicrobial peptides that play a crucial role as the first line of defense against microbial invasion. Despite the immense richness of wild amphibians in Argentina, current knowledge about the presence of peptides with antimicrobial properties is limited to a only few species. Here we used LC-MS-MS to identify antimicrobial peptides with masses ranging from 1000 to 4000 Da from samples of skin secretions of Leptodactylus latrans (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Three novel amino acid sequences were selected for chemical synthesis and further studies. The three synthetic peptides, named P1-Ll-1577, P2-Ll-1298, and P3-Ll-2085, inhibited the growth of two ATCC strains, namely Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. P3-Ll-2085 was the most active peptide. In the presence of trifluoroethanol (TFE) and anionic liposomes, it adopted an amphipathic -helical structure. P2-Ll-1298 showed slightly lower activity than P3-Ll-2085. Comparison of the MIC values of these two peptides revealed that the addition of seven amino acid residues (GLLDFLK) on the N-terminal of P2-Ll-1298 significantly improved activity against both strains. P1-Ll-1577, which remarkably is an anionic peptide, showed interesting antimicrobial activity against E. coli and S. aureus strain, showing marked membrane selectivity and non-hemolysis. Due to this, P1-L1-1577 emerges as a potential candidate for the development of new antibacterial drugs.