Liquid chromatography setup-dependent artefactual methionine oxidation of peptides: The importance of an adapted quality control process

Methionine oxidation is a reversible Post-translational modifications (PTM) that can occur as part of cellular redox-regulation, which may influence protein structure, stability, and function. In a recent paper by Baumans et al., researchers look at different reversed-phase (RP) variables, to determine if any of these factors influenced the amount of processing-related methionine oxidation.

Chemically acidified, live and heat-inactivated fermented dairy yoghurt show distinct bioactive peptides, free amino acids and small compounds profiles

Fermented dairy products have traditionally been used in many cultures for their health promoting effects. In a recent study by Nielsen and others, researchers compare chemically acidified, live and heat-inactivated fermented dairy yoghurt and analyzed the peptides in these products by LC-MS/MS.

Most non-canonical proteins uniquely populate the proteome or immunopeptidome

Translation events that were previously thought to result in non-biologically relevant proteins are now being reconsidered. Increasing evidence shows that some non-canonical proteins may play an important role in immunity and disease. This paper examines the unique features of the non-canonical translatome and how they may influence tumor immunosurveillance.

Proteogenomic Analysis Unveils the HLA Class I-Presented Immunopeptidome in Melanoma and EGFR-Mutant Lung Adenocarcinoma

One of the hurdles in the development of immunopeptidomic tools is the heterogeneity of the tumour-associated signals resulting in challenges with traditional database search strategies for MS data. Here Qi et al. from NIH are working to remove this hurdle by combining de novo peptide antigen sequencing and custom database strategies.