Magalingam, Kasthuri Bai, et al. “6-Hydroxydopamine Induces Neurodegeneration in Terminally Differentiated SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells via Enrichment of the Nucleosomal Degradation Pathway: a Global Proteomics Approach.” Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 72.5 (2022): 1026-1046. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12031-021-01962-z
The SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells have been used for decades as a cell-based model of dopaminergic neurons to explore the underlying science of cellular and molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, data revealing the protein expression changes in 6-OHDA induced cytotoxicity in differentiated SH-SY5Y cells remain void. Therefore, we investigated the differentially regulated proteins expressed in terminally differentiated SH-SY5Y cells (differ-SH-SY5Y neural cells) exposed to 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) using the LC–MS/MS technology and construed the data using the online bioinformatics databases such as PANTHER, STRING, and KEGG. Our studies demonstrated that the neuronal development in differ-SH-SY5Y neural cells was indicated by the overexpression of proteins responsible for neurite formations such as calnexin (CANX) and calreticulin (CALR) besides significant downregulation of ribosomal proteins. The enrichment of the KEGG ribosome pathway was detected with significant downregulation (p < 0.05) of all the 21 ribosomal proteins in differ-SH-SY5Y neural cells compared with undifferentiated cells. Whereas in the PD model, the pathological changes induced by 6-OHDA were indicated by the presence of unfolded and misfolded proteins, which triggered the response of 10 kDa heat shock proteins (HSP), namely HSPE1 and HSPA9. Moreover, the 6-OHDA-induced neurodegeneration in differ-SH-SY5Y neural cells also upregulated the voltage-dependent anion-selective channel protein 1 (VDAC1) protein and enriched the KEGG systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathway that was regulated by 17 histone proteins (p < 0.05) in differ-SH-SY5Y neural cells. These results suggest that the nucleosomal degradation pathway may have regulated the 6-OHDA induced neurodegeneration in PD cell-based model, which is reflected by increased apoptosis and histone release in differ-SH-SY5Y neural cells.