Wei, Yonghua, et al. “A Novel Antihypertensive Pentapeptide Identified in Quinoa Bran Globulin Hydrolysates: Purification, In Silico Characterization, Molecular Docking with ACE and Stability against Different Food-Processing Conditions.” Nutrients 14.12 (2022): 2420. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14122420
The addition of food derived antihypertensive peptides to the diet is considered a reasonable way to prevent and lower blood pressure. However, data about stability of antihypertensive peptides against different food-processing conditions are limited. In this study, through Sephadex G-15 gel chromatography and RP-HPLC separation, UPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis and in silico screening, a novel ACE-inhibitory pentapeptide Ser-Ala-Pro-Pro-Pro (IC50: 915.03 μmol/L) was identified in quinoa bran globulin hydrolysate. The inhibition patterns on angiotensin-I-converting enzyme and safety of SAPPP were studied using molecular docking and in silico predication, respectively. Results demonstrated that SAPPP could noncompetitively bind to active sites PRO519 and SER461 of ACE through short hydrogen bonds. SAPPP was resistant to different pH values (2.0–10.0), pasteurization conditions, addition of Na+, Mg2+, Fe3+ or K+, and the simulated gastrointestinal digestion. In contrast, SAPPP was unstable against heating at 100 °C for more than 50 min and the treatment of Zn2+ (5 mmol/L). These results indicated that peptides derived from quinoa globulin hydrolysates can be added into foods for antihypertension.