Funayama, Shohei, et al. “A novel peptide identified from visceral ganglia induces oocyte maturation, spermatozoa active motility, and spawning in the pen shell Atrina pectinata.” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 598 (2022): 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2022.02.006
The identification of novel peptides that regulate reproduction is essential for studying reproductive physiology in bivalves. Therefore, we aimed to identify peptides that affect the reproductive physiology of bivalves. We identified an oocyte maturation-, sperm motility-, and spawning-inducing peptide from the visceral ganglia of the pen shell, Atrina pectinata. The peptide consisted of 26 amino acid residues (GFDSINFPGTIDGFKDYSSNKKERLL). This peptide induced oocyte maturation and sperm motility activation at less than 1 nM upon the treatment of gonad fragments and induced spawning at 1 nmol when injected into mature individuals. Mature eggs and sperms artificially spawned by peptide administration were fertilized, and we confirmed that the development proceeded normally to veliger (D-shape) larvae. These results indicated that GFDSINFPGTIDGFKDYSSNKKERLL stimulated the gonads of pen shells and induced oocyte maturation, sperm motility activation, and spawning.