He, Y., et al. Antioxidant activities and protective effects of duck embryo peptides against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells 10.3382/ps/pez430
Previous work showed that peptides from duck eggs incubated for 15 D presented high total antioxidant activities. Here, this work explore the antioxidant activities of different segments, ZT1 (≤3 KD), ZT2 (≤10 KD), and ZT3 (≤30 KD), derived from duck embryo peptides and their protective effects against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells. Peptides present no cytotoxicity to HepG2 cells. Moreover, ZT1 exhibits a higher ability to scavenge several radicals as well as stronger inhibition of H2O2-induced oxidative stress than ZT2 and ZT3. The activities of catalase and glutathione peroxidase as well as total superoxide dismutase increase in a concentration-dependent manner. Peptides are isolated from ZT1 and then subjected to LC-MS/MS to identify their sequences, followed by functional annotation, bioinformatics prediction, and hot-spot motif recognition. As a result, 413 potential functional peptides are identified, with some compounds exhibiting more than 1 function. This work will help for exploring bioactive substances in duck embryo eggs and enhance the utilization value of duck or other poultry eggs.