Peng, Lin, et al. “Baijiu Vinasse as a New Source of Bioactive Peptides with Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activity.” Food Chemistry, Elsevier BV, Mar. 2021, p. 128159. Crossref, doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.128159.
During production in Chinese baijiu fermentation process, huge amounts of the by-product vinasse are generated and generally utilized as low-value animal feed. We applied alkaline extraction in combination with ultrasonication to recover vinasse proteins, which were then hydrolyzed by complex protease Corolase PP for 8 h to obtain peptide fractions (VPH-1, -2, -3) displaying high DPPH radical scavenging activity. VPH-3 (<3 kDa) separated by ultrafiltration had EC50 values lower than those of VPH-1 and -2 for reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) radicals, and significantly inhibited production of NO and pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells. Active peptides and their amino acid sequences were identified by LC-MS/MS analysis, and five synthesized peptides (particularly KLPDHPKLPK and VDVPVKVPYS) displayed strong anti-inflammatory activity at concentration 0.25 mg/mL. These findings will be useful in future commercial development of baijiu vinasse, including application as a new source of bioactive peptides.