Dechêne, Lola, et al. “Characterization of the Proteins Secreted by Equine Muscle-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Exposed to Cartilage Explants in Osteoarthritis Model.” Stem Cell Reviews and Reports (2022): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12015-022-10463-4
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent joint degenerative disease for which therapeutic treatments are limited or invasive. Cell therapy based on mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) is therefore seen as a promising approach for this disease, in both human and horses. As the regenerative potential of MSCs is mainly conferred by paracrine function, the goal of this study was to characterize the secreted proteins of muscle-derived MSCs (mdMSCs) in an in vitro model of OA to evaluate the putative clinical interest of mdMSCs as cell therapy for joint diseases like osteoarthritis.
An equine osteoarthritis model composed of cartilage explants exposed to pro-inflammatory cytokines was first developed. Then, the effects of mdMSC co-culture on cartilage explant were studied by measuring the glycosaminoglycan release and the NO2− production. To identify the underlying molecular actors, stable isotope-labeling by amino acids in cell culture based secreted protein analyses were conducted, in the presence of serum. The relative abundance of highly sequenced proteins was finally confirmed by western blot.
Co-culture with muscle-derived MSCs decreases the cytokine-induced glycosaminoglycan release by cartilage explants, suggesting a protecting effect of mdMSCs. Among the 52 equine proteins sequenced in the co-culture conditioned medium, the abundance of decorin and matrix metalloproteinase 3 was significantly modified, as confirmed by western blot analyses.
These results suggest that muscle-derived MSCs could reduce the catabolic effect of TNFα and IL-1β on cartilage explant by decreasing the secretion and activity of matrix metalloproteinase 3 and increasing the decorin secretion.