Chetverina, Darya, et al. “Comparative interactome analysis of the PRE DNA-binding factors: purification of the Combgap-, Zeste-, Psq-, and Adf1-associated proteins.” Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 79.7 (2022): 353. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-022-04383-2
The Polycomb group (PcG) and Trithorax group (TrxG) proteins are key epigenetic regulators controlling the silenced and active states of genes in multicellular organisms, respectively. In Drosophila, PcG/TrxG proteins are recruited to the chromatin via binding to specific DNA sequences termed polycomb response elements (PREs). While precise mechanisms of the PcG/TrxG protein recruitment remain unknown, the important role is suggested to belong to sequence-specific DNA-binding factors. At the same time, it was demonstrated that the PRE DNA-binding proteins are not exclusively localized to PREs but can bind other DNA regulatory elements, including enhancers, promoters, and boundaries. To gain an insight into the PRE DNA-binding protein regulatory network, here, using ChIP-seq and immuno-affinity purification coupled to the high-throughput mass spectrometry, we searched for differences in abundance of the Combgap, Zeste, Psq, and Adf1 PRE DNA-binding proteins. While there were no conspicuous differences in co-localization of these proteins with other functional transcription factors, we show that Combgap and Zeste are more tightly associated with the Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1), while Psq interacts strongly with the TrxG proteins, including the BAP SWI/SNF complex. The Adf1 interactome contained Mediator subunits as the top interactors. In addition, Combgap efficiently interacted with AGO2, NELF, and TFIID. Combgap, Psq, and Adf1 have architectural proteins in their networks. We further investigated the existence of direct interactions between different PRE DNA-binding proteins and demonstrated that Combgap–Adf1, Psq–Dsp1, and Pho–Spps can interact in the yeast two-hybrid assay. Overall, our data suggest that Combgap, Psq, Zeste, and Adf1 are associated with the protein complexes implicated in different regulatory activities and indicate their potential multifunctional role in the regulation of transcription.