Galván, Saúl Olivares, et al. “Comparative study of factors affecting the recovery of proteins from malt rootlets using pressurized liquids and ultrasounds.” Current Research in Food Science 5 (2022): 1777-1787. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crfs.2022.10.009
Malt rootlets (MR) are a waste from brewing with high protein content. This work proposes to study the impact of extracting parameters on the recovery of proteins and the characteristics of extracts from MR using ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and pressurized liquid extraction (PLE). A Box-Behnken experimental design was employed to study the effect of extracting parameters on the protein yield, while characterization comprised the study of antioxidant properties, the identification of extracted proteins using high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry, and the evaluation of the co-extraction of phenolic compounds. Protein extraction was promoted at an ultrasounds amplitude of 68%, for 20 min at 52 °C in UAE, while adding 33% ethanol resulted in the highest yield in PLE. While UAE extracted 53 ± 5% of MR proteins, PLE reached a 73 ± 7%, using more sustainable conditions. Significant antioxidant activities were observed in the PLE extract, although undermined by gastrointestinal digestion. Proteomic analysis detected 68 proteins from Hordeum vulgare in the UAE extract and 9 in the PLE extract. Proteins in MR are very different to that from barley grains or brewer’s spent grains. PLE also co-extracted phenolic compounds while this was not significant by UAE.