Liu, Rui, et al. “Discovery of elaphuri davidiani cornu‐specific peptide biomarkers by peptidomics analysis‐based method.” Electrophoresis (2023). https://doi.org/10.1002/elps.202300023
Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu (EDC) is the antler of the male Père David’s deer, which has been reported to have multiple biological activities, and its use as a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China has been known for thousands of years. However, EDC is difficult to distinguish from other related species–derived antlers in powder or extract form in TCM clinic use, such as Cervus elaphus Cornu (CEC) and Cervus nippon Cornu (CNC), both derived from Cervidae and easily confused with EDC. In this study, a strategy using peptidomics combined with mathematics set analysis was used to identify EDC-specific peptide biomarkers, and four specific peptide biomarkers (Pep-E1–E4) were identified and validated. Pep-E1, Pep-E3, and Pep-E4 could be exclusively detected in EDC samples, with relative peak areas of 0.298 ± 0.060, 0.039 ± 0.015, and 0.037 ± 0.008, whereas Pep-E2 showed relative peak area of 0.516 ± 0.101 in EDC, 0.132 ± 0.026 in CEC, and 0.136 ± 0.047 in CNC samples, respectively. These four peptides are applicable to distinguish EDC from CEC and CNC, which is of great significance for the quality control of EDC.