Madda, Rashmi, et al. “Effect of Cryoablation Treatment on the Protein Expression Profile of Low-Grade Central Chondrosarcoma Identified by LC-ESI-MS/MS.” Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, no. 6, American Chemical Society (ACS), May 2021, pp. 1469–89. Crossref, doi:10.1021/jasms.1c00068.
The use of cryoablation/cryosurgery in treating solid tumors has been proven as a unique technique that uses lethal temperatures to destroy the tumors and impart better functions for the affected organs. This novel technique recently demonstrated the best clinical results in chondrosarcoma (CSA) with faster recovery, less recurrence, and metastasis. Due to the resistant nature of CSA to chemo and radiation therapy, cryoablation comes to light as the best alternative approach. Therefore, for the first time, we aimed to compare CSA-untreated with cryoablation treated samples to discover some potential markers that may provide various clues in terms of diagnosis and pathophysiology and may facilitate the development of novel methods to treat sarcoma efficiently. To find the altered proteins among both groups, a mass-based label-free approach was employed and identified a total of 160 significantly altered proteins. Among these, 138 proteins were dysregulated with <1- to -0.1-fold, 18 proteins were up-regulated with >3 folds, and four proteins were similarly expressed in the untreated group compared to the treated. Interestingly, the differential expressions of proteins from the untreated group showed contrast expressions in the treated group. Furthermore, the functional enrichment analysis revealed that most of the identified proteins from this study were associated with various significant pathways such as glycolysis, MAPK activation, PI3K-Akt signaling, extracellular matrix degradation, etc. In addition, two protein expressions, such as fibronectin and annexin-1, were validated by immunoblot analysis. Therefore, this study signifies the most comprehensive discovery of altered protein expressions to date and the first large-scale detection of protein profiles from CSA-cryoablation treated compared to untreated. This work may serve as the basis for future research to open novel treatment options for chondrosarcoma.