Steiner, Guido, et al. “Enabling Routine MHC-II-Associated Peptide Proteomics for Risk Assessment of Drug-Induced Immunogenicity.” Journal of Proteome Research, vol. 19, no. 9, 2020, pp. 3792–3806., doi:10.1021/acs.jproteome.0c00309.
Major histocompatibility complex-II (MHC-II)-Associated Peptide Proteomics (MAPPs) is a mass spectrometry-based approach to identify and relatively quantitate naturally processed and presented MHC-II-associated peptides that can potentially activate T cells and contribute to the immunogenicity of a drug. Acceptance of the MAPPs technology as an appropriate preclinical (and potentially clinical) immunogenicity risk assessment tool depends not only on its technical stability and robustness but also on the ability to compare results across experiments and donors. To this end, we developed a specialized MAPPs data processing pipeline, dataMAPPs, which presents complex mass spectrometric data sets in the form of heat maps (heatMAPPs), enabling rapid and convenient comparison between conditions and donors. A customized normalization procedure based on identified endogenous peptides standardizes signal intensities within and between donors and enables cross-experimental comparison. We evaluated the technical reproducibility of the MAPPs platform using tool compounds with respect to the most prominent experimental factors and found that the systematic biological differences across donors by far outweighed any technical source of variation. We illustrate the capability of the MAPPs platform to generate data that may be used for preclinical risk assessment of drug-induced immunogenicity and discuss its applicability in the clinics.