Lou, Fangzhou, et al. “Excessive Polyamine Generation in Keratinocytes Promotes Self-RNA Sensing by Dendritic Cells in Psoriasis.” Immunity (2020), doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2020.06.004.
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease whose etiology is multifactorial. The contributions of cellular metabolism to psoriasis are unclear. Here, we report that interleukin-17 (IL-17) downregulated Protein Phosphatase 6 (PP6) in psoriatic keratinocytes, causing phosphorylation and activation of the transcription factor C/EBP-β and subsequent generation of arginase-1. Mice lacking Pp6 in keratinocytes were predisposed to psoriasis-like skin inflammation. Accumulation of arginase-1 in Pp6-deficient keratinocytes drove polyamine production from the urea cycle. Polyamines protected self-RNA released by psoriatic keratinocytes from degradation and facilitated the endocytosis of self-RNA by myeloid dendritic cells to promote toll-like receptor-7 (TLR7)-dependent RNA sensing and IL-6 production. An arginase inhibitor improved skin inflammation in murine and non-human primate models of psoriasis. Our findings suggest that urea cycle hyperreactivity and excessive polyamine generation in psoriatic keratinocytes promote self-RNA sensation and PP6 deregulation in keratinocytes is a pivotal event that amplifies the inflammatory circuits in psoriasis.