De Santis, Michele Andrea, et al. “Gluten Proteome Comparison among Durum Wheat Genotypes with Different Release Date.” Journal of Cereal Science, Elsevier BV, Nov. 2020, p. 103092. Crossref, doi:10.1016/j.jcs.2020.103092.
In order to deepen insight into durum wheat prolamin composition in relation to both end use quality and gluten related disorders, a phenotyping of four genotypes of different release date and technological performance was carried out. A proteomic approach integrated with the evaluation of protein aggregation level, amino acid composition and reactivity to G12 monoclonal antibody, was adopted. The degree of polymerization, estimated as unextractable polymeric proteins (UPP), was positively influenced by Cys-rich proteins (Glu-B3 LMW-GS), with Saragolla showing up to 40% higher values than other genotypes. The proteomic assessment allowed to identify proteins involved in gluten related disorders. In particular, ω5-gliadin involved in wheat allergy (WA), resulted markedly over-expressed in the old landrace Dauno III, up to four-fold than in modern Saragolla. A marked influence of genotype on the expression level of gliadins containing toxic epitopes (TECP) was observed with the more recent genotypes showing lower values (−53%). Also, reactivity to G12 moAb resulted higher in the two old genotypes consistently to their higher celiac disease (CD) toxicity evaluated by the proteomic approach. In conclusion a better gluten composition for processing seems to be associated to a lower expression level of CD toxic peptides and Tri a 19.