Insights into the evolution of myosin light chain isoforms and its effect on sensory defects of dry-cured ham


To better understand the contribution of myosin light chain (MLC) isoforms to sensory defects in Jinhua ham, dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) activities, peptide fragments, cleavage sites and the potential of DPP to develop sensory defects of dry-cured ham were evaluated and discussed in normal and defective hams. Higher residual activities of DPP I were found in defective ham compared with normal ham; approximate 3-fold peptide fragments were identified in defective ham than in normal ham. These regions of positions 11–35 and 116–141 in MLC 1, 13–53 and 139–156 in MLC 2, and 18–50 in MLC 3 contributed to the intense generation of peptide fragments in defective ham. PLS-DA further revealed DPP I showing intense response to degrade peptides. Cleavage sites including Glu-128, Tyr-132 and Glu-133 were responsible for the intense release of dipeptides in defective ham. These cleavages could play key role in discriminating taste attributes between defective and normal hams.