Song, Jiajia, et al. “Isolation and Identification of Novel Antibacterial Peptides Produced by Lactobacillus Fermentum SHY10 in Chinese Pickles.” Food Chemistry, Elsevier BV, June 2021, p. 129097. Crossref, doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.129097.
The aim of this study was to isolate and identify antibacterial peptides (ABPs) produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in Chinese pickles. The cell-free supernatant collected from the culture of LAB with antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus was used to purify ABPs. A total of 14 strains of LAB were found to have antibacterial activity. Among them, Lactobacillus fermentum (L. fermentum) SHY10 exhibited the most effective antibacterial activity. The antibacterial activity of cell-free supernatant reached the highest level after 20 h of L. fermentum SHY10 culture. Three novel ABPs were identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). In particular, the NQGPLGNAHR peptide showed antibacterial activity with an IC50 value of 0.957 mg/mL. In addition, molecular docking analysis revealed that this peptide interacted with DNA gyrase and dihydrofolate reductase by salt bridge formation, hydrogen bond interactions, and metal contact.