Quitón-Tapia, Silvana, et al. “Metalloenzymes play major roles to achieve high-rate nitrogen removal in N-damo communities: Lessons from metaproteomics.” Bioresource Technology (2023): 129476. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2023.129476
Nitrite-driven anaerobic methane oxidation (N-damo) is a promising biological process to achieve carbon–neutral wastewater treatment solutions, aligned with the sustainable development goals. Here, the enzymatic activities in a membrane bioreactor highly enriched in N-damo bacteria operated at high nitrogen removal rates were investigated. Metaproteomic analyses, with a special focus on metalloenzymes, revealed the complete enzymatic route of N-damo including their unique nitric oxide dismutases. The relative protein abundance evidenced that “Ca. Methylomirabilis lanthanidiphila” was the predominant N-damo species, attributed to the induction of its lanthanide-binding methanol dehydrogenase in the presence of cerium. Metaproteomics also disclosed the activity of the accompanying taxa in denitrification, methylotrophy and methanotrophy. The most abundant functional metalloenzymes from this community require copper, iron, and cerium as cofactors which was correlated with the metal consumptions in the bioreactor. This study highlights the usefulness of metaproteomics for evaluating the enzymatic activities in engineering systems to optimize microbial management.