Ram, Anil Kumar, et al. “Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor and galectin-3-binding protein are raised in biliary atresia: Reveals a proteomic-based study.” Journal of Proteomics 287 (2023): 104974. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2023.104974
To identify and evaluate differentially expressed plasma proteins in biliary atresia (BA), we performed plasma proteome profiling using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in 20 patients with BA and 10 control children. Serological assays validated the most significant and highly upregulated proteins in a cohort of 45 patients and 15 controls. Bioinformatics tools were used for functional classification and protein-protein interactions of differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Of 405 proteins detected in patients and 360 in controls, 242 proteins, each with ≥2 unique peptides (total of 3230 peptides), were common in both groups. Compared to controls, 90 proteins in patients were differentially expressed and were dysregulated. Twenty-five were significantly upregulated with polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (PIgR), galectin-3-binding protein (Gal-3BP), complement C2, the most prominent, and 15 had low expression. The bioinformatic analysis revealed functional interaction between DEPs and their role in an inflammatory immune response. Enzyme immunoassay for PIgR and Gal-3BP in patients’ plasma showed their levels raised significantly (p = 0.0021 and p = 0.0369, respectively). The PIgR and Gal-3BP are novel proteins upregulated in BA and may be tested further for their utility as potential circulating disease biomarker(s).