Zhou, Congli, et al. “Probing the sORF-Encoded Peptides of Deinococcus radiodurans in Response to Extreme Stress.” Molecular & Cellular Proteomics 21.11 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcpro.2022.100423
Organisms have developed different mechanisms to respond to stresses. However, the roles of small ORF–encoded peptides (SEPs) in these regulatory systems remain elusive, which is partially because of the lack of comprehensive knowledge regarding these biomolecules. We chose the extremophile Deinococcus radiodurans R1 as a model species and conducted large-scale profiling of the SEPs related to the stress response. The integrated workflow consisting of multiple omics approaches for SEP identification was streamlined, and an SEPome of D. radiodurans containing 109 novel and high-confidence SEPs was drafted. Forty-four percent of these SEPs were predicted to function as antimicrobial peptides. Quantitative peptidomics analysis indicated that the expression of SEP068184 was upregulated upon oxidative treatment and gamma irradiation of the bacteria. SEP068184 was conserved in Deinococcus and exhibited negative regulation of oxidative stress resistance in a comparative phenotypic assay of its mutants. Further quantitative and interactive proteomics analyses suggested that SEP068184 might function through metabolic pathways and interact with cytoplasmic proteins. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that SEPs are involved in the regulation of oxidative resistance, and the SEPome dataset provides a rich resource for research on the molecular mechanisms of the response to extreme stress in organisms.