Chourasia, Rounak, et al. “Production and characterization of bioactive peptides in novel functional soybean chhurpi produced using Lactobacillus delbrueckii WS4.” Food Chemistry 387 (2022): 132889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.132889
A novel soy chhurpi product was developed by fermentation of soymilk using proteolytic Lactobacillus delbrueckii strains isolated from traditional chhurpi production of Sikkim Himalaya. Soymilk fermentation by L. delbrueckii WS4 was associated with the hydrolysis of globulin proteins, with observed antioxidant, and ACE-inhibitory activity which further increased upon simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Peptidomics analysis of soy chhurpi and its gastrointestinal digest resulted in the identification of bioactive peptides with ACE-inhibitory and antioxidant properties. In silico antihypertensive property prediction followed by molecular docking study demonstrated strong binding affinity of selected peptides with ACE. The glycinin-derived peptide, SVIKPPTDE escaped gastrointestinal digestion and demonstrated strong non-bond interactions with ACE catalytic residues. QSAR models predicted an ACE-inhibitory IC50 of 21.29 µM for SVIKPPTDE. This is the first report on the production of novel functional soy chhurpi cheese using defined starter strains and the identification of bioactive peptides in undigested and gastrointestinal digested soy chhurpi.