Li, Yinli, et al. “Pulsed Electric Field-Assisted Alcalase Treatment Reduces the Allergenicity and Eliminates the Antigenic Epitopes of Ovomucoid.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2023). https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.2c07824
Physically assisted chemical modifications can effectively reduce the allergenicity of ovomucoid (OVM). However, only a few studies have used pulsed electric field (PEF)-assisted alcalase hydrolysis to reduce the allergenicity of OVM. Herein, we investigated the effect of PEF-assisted alcalase treatment on the spatial conformation, allergenicity, and antigenic epitopes of OVM based on multispectroscopic analyses, bioinformatics, and mass spectrometry. The results showed that PEF-assisted alcalase treatment promoted the hydrolysis of OVM; moreover, the α-helix content and surface hydrophobicity of OVM significantly decreased, which disordered its spatial conformation and weakened its intermolecular interactions. Additionally, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) results showed that the PEF-assisted alcalase treatment significantly reduced the binding levels of IgE and IgG1, which were 47.66 and 36.41%, respectively. Finally, eight epitopes of OVM were obtained by immunoinformatic tools. Nano-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (nano-HPLC MS/MS) results showed that the hydrolysate of OVM and alcalase (HOVM) had nine more peptide-containing epitopes than the hydrolysate of PEF-treated OVM and PEF-treated alcalase (HOVM-PP′), indicating that PEF could promote the elimination of linear epitopes in OVM, thereby reducing OVM allergenicity.