Shen, Jinpeng, et al. “Purification and activity evaluation of novel anti-inflammatory peptides from pearl oyster (Pinctada martensii) hydrolysates.” Food & Function (2023). https://doi.org/10.1039/D2FO04046H
Pearl oyster meat, a by-product of pearl production, is rich in protein, but has a low utilization rate. Our previous study showed that pearl oyster meat hydrolysates have potential anti-inflammatory activity. In this study, highly active peptides from pearl oyster meat hydrolysates were purified, identified, and extracted, and their anti-inflammatory activity was further investigated. A total of 206 peptides were identified, and three novel anti-inflammatory peptides, TWP (402.1903 Da), TAMY (484.1992 Da) and FPGA (390.1903 Da), were screened by molecular docking. The molecular docking results showed that TWP, TAMY and FPGA can bind to key regions in the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) active site. Furthermore, the three anti-inflammatory peptides can effectively regulate the release of inflammatory mediators from RAW264.7 macrophages by reducing the levels of nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β), and increasing the production of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, showing great anti-inflammatory activity. This study provides a new theoretical reference for the development of functional foods or nutritional supplements with natural anti-inflammatory effects.