Li, Jingshu, et al. “Quantitative Acetylomics Reveals Substrates of Lysine Acetyltransferase GCN5 in Adult and Aging Drosophila.” Journal of Proteome Research 22.9 (2023): 2909-2924. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.3c00247
Protein lysine acetylation is a dynamic post-translational modification (PTM) that regulates a wide spectrum of cellular events including aging. General control nonderepressible 5 (GCN5) is a highly conserved lysine acetyltransferase (KAT). However, the acetylation substrates of GCN5 in vivo remain poorly studied, and moreover, how lysine acetylation changes with age and the contribution of KATs to aging remain to be addressed. Here, using Drosophila, we perform label-free quantitative acetylomic analysis, identifying new substrates of GCN5 in the adult and aging process. We further characterize the dynamics of protein acetylation with age, which exhibits a trend of increase. Since the expression of endogenous fly Gcn5 progressively increases during aging, we reason that, by combining the substrate analysis, the increase in acetylation with age is triggered, at least in part, by GCN5. Collectively, our study substantially expands the atlas of GCN5 substrates in vivo, provides a resource of protein acetylation that naturally occurs with age, and demonstrates how individual KAT contributes to the aging acetylome.