Yeung, Jason, et al. “Quantitative Proteomic Profiling of Murine Ocular Tissue and the Extracellular Environment.” Current Protocols in Mouse Biology, no. 3, Wiley, Sept. 2020. Crossref, doi:10.1002/cpmo.83.
Mass spectrometry‐based proteomics provides a robust and reliable method for detecting and quantifying changes in protein abundance among samples, including cells, tissues, organs, and supernatants. Physical damage or inflammation can compromise the ocular surface permitting colonization by bacterial pathogens, commonly Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the formation of biofilms. The interplay between P. aeruginosa and the immune system at the site of infection defines the host’s ability to defend against bacterial invasion and promote clearance of infection. Profiling of the ocular tissue following infection describes the nature of the host innate immune response and specifically the presence and abundance of neutrophil‐associated proteins to neutralize the bacterial biofilm. Moreover, detection of unique proteins produced by P. aeruginosa enable identification of the bacterial species and may serve as a diagnostic approach in a clinical setting. Given the emergence and prevalence of antimicrobial resistant bacterial strains, the ability to rapidly diagnose a bacterial infection promoting quick and accurate treatment will reduce selective pressure towards resistance. Furthermore, the ability to define differences in the host immune response towards bacterial invasion enhances our understanding of innate immune system regulation at the ocular surface. Here, we describe murine ocular infection and sample collection, as well as outline protocols for protein extraction and mass spectrometry profiling from corneal tissue and extracellular environment (eye wash) samples.