Zhao, Yanqing, et al. “Quantitative Proteomics Reveals Metabolic Reprogramming in Host Cells Induced by Trophozoites and Intermediate Subunit of Gal/GalNAc Lectins from Entamoeba histolytica.” Msystems 7.2 (2022): e01353-21. https://doi.org/10.1128/msystems.01353-21
Entamoeba histolytica is an intestinal protozoan parasite with remarkable ability to kill and phagocytose host cells, causing amoebic colitis and extraintestinal abscesses. The intermediate subunit (Igl) of galactose (Gal)- and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine (GalNAc)-specific lectins is considered an important surface antigen involved in the pathogenesis of E. histolytica. Here, we applied mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics technology to analyze the protein expression profile changes occurring in host Caco2 cells incubated with E. histolytica trophozoites or stimulated by purified native Igl protein. The expression levels of 1,490 and 489 proteins were significantly altered in the E. histolytica-treated and Igl-treated groups, respectively, among 6,875 proteins totally identified. Intriguingly, central carbon metabolism of host cells was suppressed in both E. histolytica-treated and Igl-treated groups, with evidence of decreased expression levels of several key enzymes, including pyruvate kinase muscle type 2, presenting a Warburg-like effect in host cells. Besides, Igl had potential physical interactions with central carbon metabolism enzymes and the proteolytic degradation family members proteasome subunit alpha and beta, which may be responsible for the degradation of key enzymes in carbon metabolism. These results provided a novel perspective on the pathogenic mechanism of E. histolytica and compelling evidence supporting the important role of Igl in the virulence of E. histolytica.