Qin, S., et al. TBC1D3 regulates the payload and biological activity of extracellular vesicles that mediate tissue repair. 33(5) 6129-6139
Healthy repair of cutaneous injury is a coordinated response of inflammatory cells, secreted factors, and biologically active extracellular vesicles (EVs). Although constitutive release of EVs into biologic fluids is a hallmark of cultured cells and tumors, their payload and biologic activity appears to be tightly regulated. We show that Tre-2/Bub2/Cdc16 (TBC1) domain family member 3 (TBC1D3) drives the release of an EV population that causes a decrease in phosphorylation of the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 in naive recipient cells. To explore the biologic activity of EVs in vivo, we used a mouse model of sterile subcutaneous inflammation to determine the payload and biologic activity of EVs released into the microenvironment by committed myeloid lineages and stroma. Expression of TBC1D3 in macrophages altered the payload of their released EVs, including RNA-binding proteins, molecular motors, and proteins regulating secretory pathways. A wound-healing model demonstrated that closure was delayed by EVs released under the control of TBC1D3. We show that modulating the secretory repertoire of a cell regulates EV payload and biologic activity that affects outcomes in tissue repair and establishes a strategy for modifying EVs mediating specific biologic responses.—Qin, S., Dorschner, R. A., Masini, I., Lavoie-Gagne, O., Stahl, P. D., Costantini, T. W., Baird, A., Eliceiri, B. P. TBC1D3 regulates the payload and biological activity of extracellular vesicles that mediate tissue repair.