Kan, Lianbao, et al. “TMT-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of Antitumor Mechanism of Sporisorium Reilianum Polysaccharide WM-NP-60 against HCT116 Cells.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier BV, Dec. 2020, pp. 1755–64. Crossref, doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.10.056.
Sporisorium reilianum is an active edible and medicinal phytopathogenic fungus. Our study indicated that the S. reilianum polysaccharide WM-NP-60 could inhibit the growth of HCT116 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, WM-NP-60 could trigger the cell cycle of HCT116 arrest at the G1 phase and induce its apoptosis. In order to explore the anti-tumor mechanism of WM-NP-60, TMT-based quantitative proteomic analysis was used. Results indicated that 369 differentially expressed proteins including 240 up-regulated and 129 down-regulated proteins in WM-NP-60 treated HCT116 cells compared with normal HCT116 cells. Furthermore, the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis showed that 192 pathways were enriched containing 15 metabolic pathways with significant difference (P < 0.05). The levels of mRNA and protein up-regulated TGFβR1, P107, DP1 and down-regulated THBS1 related to TGF-β signaling pathway were verified with qRT-PCR and Western Blot (WB). These findings will provide theoretical basis for the important role of fungal polysaccharides in the field of tumor treatment.