Li, Hui, et al. “Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of Staphylococcus aureus response to cuminaldehyde stress.” International Journal of Food Microbiology 382 (2022): 109930. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2022.109930
The previous study indicated that cuminaldehyde (CUM) could be used as an antibacterial agent in sauced beef to reduce the propagation of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). This research took sauced beef treated with 0.4 μL/mL CUM as the research object. Transcriptomic and proteomic methods were used to comprehensively analyze the changes in genes and proteins of S. aureus under CUM stress. A total of 258 differentially expressed genes (DEGs, 178 up-regulated and 80 down-regulated) and 384 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs, 61 up-regulated and 323 down-regulated) were found. It was observed that CUM destroyed the cell wall and cell membrane by inhibiting the synthesis of peptidoglycan and fatty acid. Low energy consumption strategies were formed by reducing glycolysis and ribosome de novo synthesis. The levels of genes and proteins associated with the glycine, serine, threonine, methionine, cysteine, and branched-chain amino acids were dramatically changed, which impaired protein synthesis and reduced bacterial viability. In addition, the up-regulated DEGs and DEFs involved in DNA replication, recombination and single-stranded DNA-binding contributed to DNA repair. Moreover, ATP-binding cassettes (ABC) transporters were also perturbed, such as the uptake of betaine and iron were inhibited. Thus, this study revealed the response mechanism of S. aureus under the stress of CUM, and provided a theoretical basis for the application of CUM in meat products.