Zhao, Xiangtan, et al. “Tuna trimmings (Thunnas albacares) hydrolysate alleviates immune stress and intestinal mucosal injury during chemotherapy on mice and identification of potentially active peptides.” Current Research in Food Science (2023): 100547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crfs.2023.100547
In this study, Tuna trimmings (Thunnas albacares) protein hydrolysate (TPA) was produced by alcalase. The anti-tumor synergistic effect and intestinal mucosa protective effect of TPA on S180 tumor-bearing mice treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy were investigated. The results showed that TPA can enhance the anti-tumor effect of 5-FU chemotherapy, as evident by a significant reduction in tumor volume observed in the medium and high dose TPA+5-FU groups compared to the 5-FU group (p < 0.001). Moreover, TPA significantly elevated the content of total protein and albumin in all TPA dose groups (p < 0.01, p < 0.001), indicating its ability to regulate the nutritional status of the mice. Furthermore, histopathological studies revealed a significant increase in the height of small intestinal villi, crypt depth, mucosal thickness, and villi area in the TPA+5-FU groups compared to the 5-FU group (p < 0.05), suggesting that TPA has a protective effect on the intestinal mucosa. Amino acid analysis revealed that TPA had a total amino acid content of 66.30 g/100 g, with essential amino acids accounting for 30.36 g/100 g. Peptide molecular weight distribution analysis of TPA indicated that peptides ranging from 0.25 to 1 kDa constituted 64.54%. LC-MS/MS analysis identified 109 peptide sequences, which were predicted to possess anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities through database prediction. Therefore, TPA has the potential to enhance the antitumor effects of 5-FU, mitigate immune depression and intestinal mucosal damage induced by 5-FU. Thus, TPA could be serve as an adjuvant nutritional support for malnourished patients undergoing chemotherapy.