Using serum peptidomics to discovery the diagnostic marker for different stage of ulcerative colitis

Miao, Zhiwei, et al. “Using Serum Peptidomics to Discovery the Diagnostic Marker for Different Stage of Ulcerative Colitis.” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Elsevier BV, Jan. 2021, p. 113725. Crossref, doi:10.1016/j.jpba.2020.113725.


The use of peptidomics to find diagnostic markers has attracted increasing clinical attention. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, and the traditional auxiliary diagnostic technique is colonoscopy. However, this invasive method is not effective in distinguishing between patients with endoscopic remission and healthy people, which carries the risk of delayed diagnosis of UC. In this study, we used peptidomics to find serum diagnostic markers for different stages of UC. A total of 78 serum samples were collected to form a training set (60 samples) and a testing set (18 samples). Among them, patients with active UC, remitting UC and healthy people accounted for one third each. The nano-liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid linear trap quadrupole orbitrap mass spectrometry was used for detection of low molecular weight peptides in serum. According to the protein database search and de novo sequencing algorithm, forty peptides were simultaneously identified in all samples. Six biomarker peptides were screened in the training set through orthogonal partial least-squares-discriminant analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. These six peptides were derived from proteins involved in coagulation and complement activation. We evaluated the diagnostic ability of the six peptides in the testing set through hierarchical cluster analysis, and showed that perturbation of these peptides could distinguish patients with active UC, patients with remitting UC and healthy people. This study validated the feasibility of serum peptidomics for the discovery of diagnostic markers, and provided a potential method for diagnosing different stages of UC.