Wang, Weiqian, et al. “A TMT-based shotgun proteomics uncovers overexpression of thrombospondin 1 as a contributor in pyrrolizidine alkaloid-induced hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome.” Archives of Toxicology 96.7 (2022): 2003-2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204-022-03281-7
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction disease (HSOS) is a rare but life-threatening vascular liver disease. However, its underlying mechanism and molecular changes in HSOS are largely unknown, thus greatly hindering the development of its effective treatment. Hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSECs) are the primary and essential target for HSOS. A tandem mass tag-based shotgun proteomics study was performed using primary cultured HSECs from mice with HSOS induced by senecionine, a representative toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA). Dynamic changes in proteome were found at the initial period of damage and the essential role of thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) was highlighted in PA-induced HSOS. TSP1 over-expression was further confirmed in human HSECs and liver samples from patients with PA-induced HSOS. LSKL peptide, a known TSP1 inhibitor, protected mice from senecionine-induced HSOS. In addition, TSP1 was found to be covalently modified by dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids in human HSECs and mouse livers upon senecionine treatment, thus to form the pyrrole-protein adduct. These findings provide useful information on early changes in HSECs upon PA treatment and uncover TSP1 overexpression as a contributor in PA-induced HSOS.