Zhou, Hanxiao, et al. “Identification of circular RNA BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 as a novel biomarker for coronary artery disease and the functional discovery of BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 based on peripheral blood mononuclear cells: a case control study.” Clinical Proteomics 19.1 (2022): 37. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12014-022-09374-w
BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 is a novel circRNA and contains conserved binding sites with RNA-binding proteins. However, BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 has not been fully studied in coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to clarify the diagnostic value and the possible functional role of BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 in CAD.
A total of 276 human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples were employed. The circularization of BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 was verified via Sanger sequencing. The expression level of BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 in CAD samples and control individuals was analysed via qRT–PCR. The diagnostic potential of BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 was evaluated using Spearman’s analysis, univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis, and receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. ChIRP-MS was performed to directly explore the proteins bound to BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563. Bioinformatic analysis was conducted to investigate the possible functions and interactions of proteins bound to BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563.
In the present study, BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 was verified as a circular RNA in the PBMCs of CAD patients. The expression level of BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 in the CAD group was significantly lower than that in the control group. The area under the ROC curve was 0.690. ChIRP-MS found seven proteins that were directly bound to BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563. Bioinformatic analysis of these seven proteins showed that the mitophagy and DNA repair pathways were enriched. These proteins interacted with each other to a certain extent.
BTBD7_hsa_circ_0000563 may be a novel biomarker for the diagnosis of CAD and may influence the initiation and progression of CAD. These studies may reveal new possibilities for the diagnosis and treatment of CAD.